OMG Network (OMG)

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Basics

  • Not mineable
  • Rebranded from OmiseGo (1-6-2020).
  • Founded in 2013, Omise is a venture-backed payments company operating in Thailand, Japan, Singapore, and Indonesia.
  • Mainnet release: 1-6-2020
  • Based in: Bangkok. Got acquired by a Hong Kong venture firm (12-2020).
  • It's a trustless, centralized transaction processing service with decentralized security. 
  • "It is part of the parent company Omise which is payment gateway provider aiming at the South East Asian market. If you know anything about payment systems in China you will have heard of WeChat pay and AliPay. The premise is that everyone has access to a smart phone and allowing you to pay everything from bills to street vendors with a swipe of your phone is not only convenient but has become the predominant form of payment in China. Omise aims at establishing this same system in South East Asia and OmiseGo is its attempt to incorporate cryptocurrencies into this system. The positioning is unique for a couple of reasons. Firstly it allows people access to secure funds without the need for a bank account. In South East Asia only 27% of the region’s 600 million inhabitants have a bank account. Secondly it is working towards facilitating payment in FIAT as well as cryptos and making the whole process easy to understand and set up which is crucial for vendor and customer adoption."
  • “The OmiseGO Blockchain comprises a decentralized exchange, liquidity provider mechanism, clearinghouse messaging network, and asset-backed blockchain gateway. It is a scalable and totally public (permissionless) blockchain whose Proof-of-Stake consensus is bonded by the activities of the chain itself. The network is designed as a highly performant system leveraging interlinked blockchain construction: while clearing and settlement occurs over the OmiseGO blockchain, the costs of protecting transaction value is externalized to other chains in ways that directly promote the value of those chains.“
  • “OmiseGO is the answer to a fundamental coordination problem amongst payment processors, gateways and financial institutions. By enabling decentralized exchange on a public blockchain at high volume and low cost, OmiseGO provides a next-generation value transfer service operating across currencies and asset types. Through the OmiseGO network connected to the Ethereum mainnet, anyone will be able to conduct financial transactions such as payments, remittances, payroll deposit, B2B commerce, supply-chain finance, loyalty programs, asset management and trading, and other on-demand services, in a completely decentralized and inexpensive way. Further, millions of mainstream users in the largest growing economies in the world will be enabled to make the transition from using fiat money to using decentralized currencies such as ETH, BTC, and others. The OmiseGO network is intrinsically agnostic between fiat and decentralized money: as far as adoption and usage go, the system is constructed so that the best currencies will win.”

History

  • A full background story interview can be read here (11-7-2020).

Token

Launch

Token allocation

Utility

"The protocol's token, OMG, is the primary method by which users can pay for transaction fees and interact with the network."

Token Details

Stablecoin

Tech

Transaction Details

Other Details

How it works

  • The OMG Network uses the More Viable Plasma (MoreVP) specification “MoreVP trustlessly scales Ether and ERC20 transactions by grouping them together and sending them through a set of Ethereum smart contracts. These grouped transactions are then verified and validated by a decentralized network of watchers. Processing batched transactions enables a high throughput of thousands of tps and results in 1/3rd the transaction cost for the end-user — all with Ethereum-level security."
  • From Messari (3-6-2020):

"OMG Network is a Layer-2 scaling protocol for Ethereum that aims to achieve higher transaction throughput at lower costs while leveraging the security guarantees of Ethereum. OMG Network is predicated on the creation of a child chain that batches transactions before committing them to Ethereum. The child chain relies on the root chain as the trust and arbitration layer. With this type of relationship, if something goes wrong with the child chain, users’ funds should remain safe."

OMG’s More Viable Plasma ultimately relies on fraud proofs. These form of proofs are provided as evidence that a state transition is incorrect, in other words, it is optimistically assumed that every state change is correct until proven otherwise (in contrast to validity proofs that present evidence that state transitions are correct".

"OMG Network operates semi-centralised with a single operator creating blocks in the Plasma blockchain. The network is made more ‘decentralised’ by allowing watchers (OMG stakers) to oversee this process, receiving a portion of the transaction fees paid on the network (eventually set dynamically at 1/3 of ETH gas fees). Therefore, OMG’s value can be modelled as the NPV of future profits to watchers.

We’re still very early - right now staking isn’t yet live but if a significant portion of Tether’s transactional activity is moved to OMG’s layer we should expect proportional value flows to the token-owning supply side participants - the OMG stakers."

Staking

Privacy Method being used

Oracle Method being used

Their Other Projects

DEX

Governance

DAO

Upgrades

  • Rolled out (1-6-2020) a Layer-2 scaling solution for Ethereum called Plasma that reduces costs by 66% and increases the processing capacity of the network.

Roadmap

  • Can be found [Insert link here].
  • Future releases include (1-6-2020) faster exits, scalable exits, and OMG staking.

Audits

Bugs

Usage

Projects that use or built on it

Pros and Cons

Pros

"One of the advantages of this approach is the lower requirement of computational resources and provides higher scalability." 

Cons

  • The marketing has been very slick and as a consequence there has been a lot of hype. Most likely overvalued (Could be said about most cryptocurrencies to be fair)
  • From Formal Verification (5-6-2020):

"The drawback here is ensuring high consistent liveness of the parties claiming fraud. Moreover, as Plasma operators are able to be corrupted at any given point, exiting Plasma chains cannot be instantaneous (means exit games are required bringing further complexity). A problem might therefore arise for end users but in the coming months we will able to ascertain how attractive OMG is for Tether users and as a scaling solution generally."

Competition

Stellar, Waves and OmiseGo compared (23-10-2017)

  • “Stellar, Waves, and OmiseGo all aim to serve very similar use cases. All three platforms have native support for a decentralized exchange. All three platforms support multiple assets. Although Waves is not currently focused on micropayments, remittances, and mobile payments, Stellar and OmiseGo are both gunning for these three use cases.
  • It seems that Stellar comes out just slightly ahead of Waves as a multi-asset trading platform. Although Stellar is losing in terms of ICOs, Stellar has many more anchors than Waves has gateways. Most of Stellar’s anchors are operated by external companies that include large financial institutions. Waves, on the other hand, currently operates all of its gateways. Stellar is also currently much faster than Waves. Stellar supports a theoretical of maximum of 1000 transactions/second whereas Waves only supports 1.7 transactions/second. This will change as the WavesNG protocol comes online, but that’s not for another few months and even then, Waves’s maximum transaction throughput is still shy of Stellar’s 1000 transactions/second.
  • Stellar will give OmiseGo a run for its money. Almost everything that OmiseGo aims to do, Stellar is planning to do or is already doing it. Not to mention Stellar already has a robust, secure, and fast blockchain already running in the wild whereas OmiseGo is still a farcry away from even launching a public testnet. At this point we have no idea what the OmiseGo blockchain will even look like. Having a functioning public blockchain also gives Stellar a headstart in business integrations. As mentioned above, a multitude of payment companies, especially in Asia and Africa, have integrated with Stellar and are already sending payments through the platform. We also can’t forget the massive IBM and banking integration that was recently announced.“

Coin Distribution

Team, Funding, Partnerships, etc.

Team

  • Full team can be found [here].
  • From EthHub #143 (7-12-2020):

"Has been acquired by Genesis Block Ventures (GBV). GBV is a subsidiary of Genesis Block, a Hong Kong-based crypto over-the-counter (OTC) trading firm. Financial terms of the acquisition were not disclosed."

"We are a medium-sized enterprise, with over 50 employees located around the world. OMG Network offices are located in Thailand, Singapore, Japan, and Poland."

Funding

  • Contributing funding to the Ethereum foundation's DEVGRANTS initiative in 2015, as well as funding the development of Raiden.
  • Investors are: SBI Investement, SMBC, Ascend Capital, SMDV, Golden Gate Ventures, Last Ventures, 500Startups.
  • Does funding (1-2020) and was one of the earliest believers in Plasma Group

Partners 

"The OMG Network joined the Messari Disclosures Registry. As a participating project, OMG Network has committed to transparency by providing regular project disclosures and updates."